- short for type specimen.
- 5 Linguistics an abstract category or class of linguistic item or unit, as distinct from actual occurrences in speech or writing. Contrasted with token.
late 15th century (in the sense 'symbol, emblem'): from French, or from Latin typus, from Greek tupos 'impression, figure, type', from tuptein 'to strike'. The use in printing dates from the early 18th century; the general sense 'category with common characteristics' arose in the mid 19th century