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Definition of restoration
noun [mass noun]
1the action of returning something to a former owner, place, or condition:the restoration of Andrew’s sight the process of restoring a building, work of art, etc. to its original condition:the altar paintings seem in need of restoration the reinstatement of a previous practice, right, or situation:the restoration of capital punishment [count noun] Dentistry a structure provided to replace or repair dental tissue so as to restore its form and function, such as a filling, crown, or bridge. [count noun] a model or drawing representing the supposed original form of an extinct animal, ruined building, etc.: published restorations are dodgy, based on single bones 2the return of a monarch to a throne, a head of state to government, or a regime to power: the restoration of a democratic government
) the re-establishment of Charles II as King of England in 1660. After the death of Oliver Cromwell in 1658, his son Richard (1626–1712) proved incapable of maintaining the Protectorate, and General Monck organized the king’s return from exile.
(Restoration) [usually as modifier] the period following the Restoration of Charles II:Restoration drama
) the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France in 1814, following the fall of Napoleon. Louis XVIII was recalled from exile by Talleyrand.