- a country occupying the eastern part of the Scandinavian peninsula; population 9,059,700 (est. 2009); official language, Swedish; capital, Stockholm. Swedish name Sverige.
Originally united in the 12th century, Sweden formed part of the Union of Kalmar with Denmark and Norway from 1397 until its re-emergence as an independent kingdom in 1523. Between 1814 and 1905 it was united with Norway. A constitutional monarchy, Sweden has pursued a policy of non-alignment, and it remained neutral in the two world wars. Sweden joined the European Union in 1995