- a republic in central Europe; population 8,210,300 (est. 2009); official language, German; capital, Vienna. German name Österreich.
Austria was dominated from the early Middle Ages by the Habsburg family, and became the centre of a massive central European empire which lasted until 1918. The country was incorporated within the Nazi Reich in 1938 and after the Second World War was occupied by the Allies, regaining its sovereignty in 1955. A referendum in 1994 approved Austria’s entry into the European Union