verb (past sprang /spraNG/ or sprung /sprəNG/; past participle sprung)
- short for spring tide.
Old English spring (noun), springan (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German springen. Early use in the senses 'head of a well' and 'rush out in a stream' gave rise to the figurative use 'originate'
In British English the standard past tense is sprang (she sprang forward), while in US English the past can be either sprang or sprung (I sprung out of bed). In both British and US English, the past participle is always sprung (by late aftenoon, the boat had sprung another leak).