Definition of Somoza
the name of a family of Nicaraguan statesmen. Anastasio (1896–1956), president 1937–47 and 1951–56; full name Anastasio Somoza García. He took presidential office following a military coup in 1936 and ruled Nicaragua as a virtual dictator. Luis (1922–67), president 1957–63; son of Anastasio; full name Luis Somoza Debayle. Anastasio (1925–80), president 1967–79; younger brother of Luis; full name Anastasio Somoza Debayle. His dictatorial regime was overthrown by the Sandinistas, and he was assassinated while in exile in Paraguay.