Definition of Philip
- Philip I (1478–1506), reigned 1504–06; known as Philip the Handsome. Son of the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, in 1496 Philip married the infanta Joanna, daughter of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile. After Isabella’s death he ruled Castile jointly with Joanna, establishing the Habsburgs as the ruling dynasty in Spain.
- Philip V (1683–1746), grandson of Louis XIV; reigned 1700–24 and 1724–46. The selection of Philip as successor to Charles II, and Louis XIV’s insistence that Philip remain an heir to the French throne, gave rise to the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14). In 1724, Philip abdicated in favor of his son Louis I, but returned to the throne following Louis’s death.