- a mountainous European country on the northern and western coastline of Scandinavia, on the Norwegian Sea and the Arctic Ocean; population 4,660,500 (est. 2009); capital, Oslo; language, Norwegian (official). Norwegian name Norge.
Norway was united with Denmark and Sweden by the Union of Kalmar in 1397, but after Sweden’s withdrawal in 1523 became subject to Denmark. Ceded to Sweden in 1814, Norway emerged as an independent kingdom in 1905. An invitation to join the EC was rejected after a referendum in 1972; an application to join the European Union twenty years later was accepted by the European Parliament but failed to win approval in a 1994 referendum