- (as noun the Neolithic) the Neolithic period. Also called New Stone Age.
In the Neolithic period farm animals were first domesticated, and agriculture was introduced. It began in the Near East by the 8th millennium bc and spread to northern Europe by the 4th millennium bc. Neolithic societies in northwestern Europe left such monuments as henges, long barrows, chamber tombs, and settlements inside concentric ditches spanned by causeways