- a country in West Africa, with a southern coastline that borders on the Atlantic Ocean; population 23,887,800 (est. 2009); capital, Accra; languages, English (official) and West African languages. Former name (until 1957) Gold Coast.
Formerly a center of the slave trade, the area became the British colony of Gold Coast in 1874. In 1957, it gained independence as a member of the Commonwealth of Nations under the leadership of Kwame Nkrumah. It was the first British colony to become independent