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Definition of Burkina Faso
- a landlocked country in western Africa, in the Sahel; population 15,746,200 (est. 2009); capital, Ouagadougou; languages, French (official), indigenous languages. Former name (until 1984) Upper Volta.
A French protectorate from 1898, it became an autonomous republic within the French Community in 1958 and a fully independent republic in 1960