1 (also Brazil nut) a large three-sided nut with an edible kernel, several of which grow inside a large woody capsule. Brazil nuts grow on a South American forest tree, and most are harvested in the wild.
Bertholletia excelsa, family Lecythidaceae
2 (also Brazil wood) a hard red wood obtained from a tropical tree and from which dyes may be obtained.
Genus Caesalpinia, family Leguminosae: several species
Middle English(2sense 2): from medieval Latin brasilium. The South American country Brazil (see Brazil1) takes its name from the wood